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Does Alcohol Kill Brain Cells?

Victory Bay Recovery Center

For years, people have talked about the idea that drinking large amounts of alcohol kills brain cells. However, few people actually know if it’s true or just a rumor. Does alcohol kill brain cells? Before you learn the answer, take a look at how alcohol affects the brain. At Victory Bay, we can show you how addiction recovery works with our programs.

How Does Alcohol Interact With the Brain?

When you drink alcohol, you start to feel good and possibly more outgoing. This effect is thanks, in part, to alcohol interacting with receptors in the brain. Specifically, it interacts with the dopamine, glutamate, and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors. GABA is responsible for sending messages from the brain to the nervous system.

In short, alcohol disrupts how the brain communicates with the rest of the body. In most cases, it simply slows down the transmission and reception of these signals. This disruption causes slurred speech and slow reactions that occur after heavy drinking.

Does Alcohol Kill Brain Cells?

Believe it or not, drinking doesn’t lead to the death of brain cells. In fact, some research suggests that drinking in moderation has healthful benefits. Some of these benefits include lower cholesterol levels and improved cognitive abilities.

To illustrate, one study compared neurons between drinkers and nondrinkers. The result was no difference between the two groups. Also, the study found that even heavy drinking doesn’t kill brain cells.

Why Do People Think That Alcohol Kills Brain Cells?

Some experts believe that this mix-up came from the relationship between alcohol and GABA receptors. Alcohol prevents GABA receptors from functioning properly, which hinders communication between brain cells. As a result, the general population may have developed the idea that alcohol kills brain cells. On the other hand, it’s possible that adults created the idea to scare children away from drinking.

Does That Mean It’s Safe to Drink Heavily?

Despite these findings, it’s still unsafe to drink alcohol in large amounts. While drinking doesn’t kill brain cells, large amounts of alcohol cause brain damage. Long-term alcohol abuse can cause many neurological disorders, such as Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. This disorder can lead to amnesia, memory problems, and lack of muscle coordination.

Also, alcohol interferes with the development of new brain cells. In the past, experts didn’t believe that adults grow new brain cells. However, they’ve found that adults still grow new neurons in certain areas of the brain. Unfortunately, alcohol suppresses the growth of these neurons.

Get Help at Victory Bay

Does alcohol kill brain cells? No, but that doesn’t mean that people shouldn’t seek treatment for alcohol abuse. Abusing this drug can cause brain damage and ruin people’s lives. At Victory Bay, we can show you how addiction recovery works with our programs, which include:

Not only do our treatment programs cover a wide variety of client needs we also offer numerous therapies. At Victory Bay, we believe in setting clients up for lasting recovery. The more therapeutic options clients have, the more resources and tools they have at their disposal to maintain sobriety. Some of our therapies include:

Don’t let alcohol control or destroy your life. Learn more about the answer to the question: Does alcohol kill brain cells? Reach out to us today for help at [Direct].

Recovery with Victory Bay

At Victory Bay we’re here to help you achieve a new life with a new start in recovery. To learn more about the variety of treatment programs we offer, including mental health, eating disorders, and substance use, contact us today by calling 855.239.5099.